More than 8,000 years ago, Georgia became the world’s first wine-producing country. Located south of the Caucasus mountain range, Georgia is an exciting destination that offers magnificent scenery, delicate cuisine and wines that taste like birds singing.
Explore the cobbled streets of ancient Tbilisi, sample a delicious glass of local wine and taste the national dish khachapuri, cheeses, followed by an unforgettable visit to the Georgian National Museum.
Visit nearby Mtskheta, Georgia’s former capital, and catch the mood of the charming river-side city with the country’s oldest cathedral.
Spend a sunny afternoon with tastings at the local vineyards of the Kakheti region, let yourself stay at a luxury castle where you can cool off in the pool before ending an exciting day with a sumptuous dinner while enjoying the sunset behind the mountains.
Area: 70,000 square kilometers, borders Russia to the north, Armenia and Turkey to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and the Black Sea to the west.
Geography: The terrain is mountainous and hilly, dominated by the Caucasus Mountains to the north, with several peaks reaching 5,000 m. over 8000 years ago.
Population: 5 million inhabitants, of which 84% are Georgian, approx. 6% Azeri, approx. 6% Armenians, besides a low percentage of Russians and others.
Capital: Tbilisi with about 1 million. inhabitants.
Climate: Continental climate with hot summers and cold winters with lots of snow in the mountains, an ideal setting for a skiing holiday. Best time to visit is May to October.
explore georgia’s attractions
The charming capital
Where Christianity was introduced in the year 337
GORI & STALIN MUSEUM
georgia: a brief introduction
The country’s capital, Tbilisi, was established in 479 on the banks of the Mtkvari River, which runs from Turkey, all the way through Georgia, and flows into the Caspian Sea in Azerbaijan. The town between the mountains and stretches along the river. The old center has narrow, winding streets, small cozy squares, parks and a rich collection of wine bars, restaurants and cafes. Characteristic are the many churches that play a key role in Georgian identity following the detachment from the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Georgian Orthodox Church is the second largest in the world and was founded in 337th. trade routes to both north-south and east-west, attracted both craftsmen and traders from near and far. In the 12th century, Queen Tamar led the country during the golden period when Tbilisi was the center of the church, science and commerce. The Mongols then took over the region, but were replaced by Timur Lenk in 1386. After many invasions, the country fell apart and became divided between the Ottoman Empire and the Persians. In 1783, Georgia signed a treaty with the Russians, which merged the two countries and made it an exotic corner of the Russian empire, popular with both poets and the Russian imperial elite. For a short period after the Revolution, Georgia became independent again, but its army was crushed by the Red Army in 1921, and the country became a Soviet republic. During Soviet times, Georgia had a special status – partly because Stalin was Georgian, but also because of the highly acclaimed cuisine and wine production that remains popular today. The former Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze ruled the country in the 1990s, but was forced to flee during the so-called “Rose Revolution” in 2003, which paved the way for new young President Saakashvili.
It was during his time while flirting with EU membership that the war against Russia broke out in 2008. Today the territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia remains occupied by Russian forces. Traveling in Georgia is peaceful and safe and the destination now attracts more visitors than ever before. With its hospitable population, a harsh and dramatic landscape as well as one excellent cuisine, Georgia is a rough diamond on the world map.