(STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION)
The island has it all, whether you are cycling among the Hindu Buddhist temple ruins engulfed by the jungle, unique train ride up through the tea plantations to the cool highlands, wild elephant safaris, endless beaches and the inviting Indian Ocean or just a fantastic rice´ n curry and an ice cold beer.
The old British colonial hotels await you, paired with a five-o’clock high tea and a gin-tonic before dinner. Gemstone Island, Serendip, welcomes Sri Lanka!
Colombo is the country’s economic and political capital, but there you do not spend much time. Sri Lanka attracts by its changing landscapes, which change character in just a few hours on the small roads.
The majority of the population still lives in the countryside, and it is, in particular, the former capital of Kandy up in the highlands that offers the “real” Sri Lanka. Here one is quite aware of the country’s cultural heritage, which is made visible by the Buddhist pilgrimage goals, through singing, dancing, and music as well as crafts.
The majority of the country’s population is Buddhists with a large Tamil minority, mainly up north in the country as well as around the highlands with the tea plantations.
Sri Lanka has been the Europeans’ favorite exotic holiday paradise long before popular destinations such as Thailand, so you are used to tourists with a good level of service.
Area: 66,000 km2, 31 km from the Indian mainland.
Geography: The country is drip-shaped with the mountainous highlands in the middle of the island with peaks over 2,000 m. Sri Lanka has about 1,300 km of coastline and is located almost 900 km from the equator.
North of the highlands a flat landscape with lush forests up to the Jaffna Peninsula. Around the highlands dominated by jungle and nature parks. The coastline is like a thin belt around the island with long sandy beaches.
Population: 21 million, of which about 73% are Singaporeans, approx. 17% of Tamils, Arab descendants approximately 9% and other small ethnic minorities, including Dutch and Portuguese.
Capital: Colombo with approx. 2 million citizens.
Climate: Warm and humid all year round, but less during the period November to April, after which the monsoons bring large volumes of water, which results in floods and mudslides annually.
explore sri lanka’s attractions
sri lanka: a brief introduction
The first kingdom of Anuradhapura is established around 330 BC and with the introduction of Buddhism soon after, the country is united on a common identity, which also consolidates the king’s power.
Large artificially excavated water reservoirs form the basis for the population to be born, but repeated invasions from the Indian mainland are forcing the comrades to settle their new capital Polonnaruwa further southeast.
The last great kings mistreat the big water tanks, the society gradually collapses and further Indian invasion disintegrates a unified kingdom that is split into smaller ones with the capital Kandy in the Highlands as the new administrative team point.
The Portuguese came to the island in the early 16th century, hoping to grab the valuable spices and to convert the population to Catholicism, though without much luck.
The Dutch are the next to arrive, approx. 1600, which will more systematically make its mark on the country, which is evident today.
It ends up being the English who defeated the king of Kandy and made the island of Ceylon a crown colony in 1802.
English culture, administration, law, education system and hospital services are being established as well as tea plantations, railways and cricket.
After World War II, the British Empire collapsed, shifting its status as an independent member of the British Commonwealth in 1948 after India.
In 1972, Ceylon declared itself and changed its name to Sri Lanka.
The country has been martyred by civil war against the Tamils in the north since the 1950s, but was completed in 2009 and today the country is experiencing increasing tourism and investment from abroad as well as a general improvement in living standards.