(STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION)
Visit the fabled cities along the Silk Road with some of the most opulent architecture of the Islamic world. Grab a serving of lagman noodle soup, freshly baked flatbread and rinse with a cup of green tea in the countless tea houses across the country.
You are guaranteed to talk to the old venerable gentlemen in caftans and long white beards, and the kids in the street run after you in the hope of bonbons.
Discover the endless distances of the Kyzylkum desert before arriving at the slave caravan town of Khiva protected by its clay-walled fortress walls and labyrinthine alleys.
How, wasn’t that a flying blanket we saw?
Uzbekistan is a cornucopia of architectural beauty as taken from 1001 Night’s adventures.
The crowd is incredibly welcoming and just as curious as we hopefully are.
Tashkent has been an important trading center since the 4th century BC and was later occupied by the Arabs, who brought Islam with them in 751.
Today Central Asia’s largest city and traffic hub for the region as it was already when the Russians incorporated the region in the late 1800s. Uzbekistan has significant reserves of both oil and natural gas and is one of the Stan countries that attract the most tourists by virtue of being the only one with historical urban culture.
Islam is the country’s main religion of the same version as Turkey, but more subdued.
Area: 447,000 km2 and adjacent to the other four cities.
Geography: It is 1,425 km from east to west and 930 km from north to south, and is double landlocked.
The country is bounded on the north by Kazakhstan and in the south by Turkmenistan by the rivers Syr-Darja and Amu-Darja respectively and approx. 50% of the country consists of the Kyzylkum desert in the western part of the country.
Lake Aral has disappeared from Uzbekistan today as a result of water discharges from the Amu-Darja River to the cotton fields since the 1960s.
To the east, the Tian-Shan and Pamir mountain ranges dominate, both of which surround the Fergana Valley, which is sandwiched between Kyrgyzstan in the north and Tajikistan in the south.
Uzbekistan has several peaks over 4,000 m.
Population: 30 million inhabitants, of which approx. 80% are Uzbek, approx. 5% Russians, 5% Tajiks and several ethnic groups including Kazakhs, Karakal packs and Koreans.
Capital: Tashkent has approx. 3 million citizens
Climate: Uzbekistan has extremely mainland climate with temperature fluctuations from summer to winter from 40 degrees to minus 40 degrees.
The best time of year is late spring and early fall.
explore uzbekistan’s attractions
The slave caravan town with its narrow alleys between the clay-clad houses
Glazed turquoise domes and tea-houses
Overwhelmingly beautiful architecture
Uzbekistan: a brief introduction
Uzbekistan, as it seems today, is a result of the border demarcation after its incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1918, and it has thus been brought about after the Union’s collapse in 1991 by Uzbekistan has been truly independent.
The area has since 500 BC been part of several larger and smaller cultural and commercial empires with a strong influence under Alexander the Great. 330 BC, the Persian empires up to approx. year 1000 as well as the introduction of Islam into the region. Later subjugated to the crushing equestrian army and brutal rule of the Mongols, after which the dynasty founded by Timur Lenk began in the late 1300s. Today Timur Lenk is a national hero and country father and plays an important role in the Uzbek self-understanding as an independent nation.
Timur quickly consolidated his position as ruler of the country through strategic ingenuity and boldness on the battlefield as well as the takeover of the Mongolians’ brutal behavior, and over the course of 20-30 years underwent a huge area from Arabia and the Caucasus in the west to Persia, Afghanistan, and India in the east. From these areas, however, he made sure to spare skilled engineers, architects, craftsmen, gun makers, and artists, all of whom were brought to his capital Samarkand and other provincial cities in his kingdom. He died of cold in 1405 on his way to China with 250,000 men, and it became his successors to lift the heavy legacy, which went less well.
With the disintegration of the Silk Road during the 16th century, the commercial towns in the region lose their importance and gradually fade away over the next centuries. It was the Uzbeks who took over control of the region, which is divided into smaller principalities, khanates, with a khan in the forefront. After a brief resurgence of the area, the local princes begin to enrich each other, and eventually, it becomes relatively easy for the Russians to play them further against each other. The Khanates fall like dominoes in the late 19th century, and all of Central Asia is incorporated in imperial Russia under the overall name of Turkestan.
During the Soviet era, the region was divided into the five Stan countries we have today with the same borders as last time drawn in 1936. Primarily for the Union was the huge cultivation of cotton, which is still today the most important crop for the country, which, apart from oil and natural gas, has no other export goods.